The Long Controversy

From allies, the Dutch Republic and England would become bitter rivals of each other by the midpoint of the century. They would fight three wars across the course of the seventeenth century and images drawn from anti-Dutch propaganda such as “Dutch courage,” referring to strength or courage gained only through intoxication, would find a permanent home in the English language. Throughout this time, Amboyna would remain a powerful symbol of Dutch perfidy and it would be revived again and again whenever anti-Dutch sentiment was on the rise.

Source: The English and Dutch affairs pamphlet


This extract comes from a pamphlet printed in 1664 so four decades after the Amboyna conspiracy trial. The trial provides an excellent summary of the content: The English and Dutch affairs displayed to the life both in matters of warr, state, and merchandize, how far the English engaged in their defence against the most potent monarchy of Spain, and how ill the Dutch have since requited the English for their extraordinary favours, not onely in the time of Queen Elizabeth their protector and defendress, but also in the time of King James, by their bloody massacree of them at Amboyna, their ingratitude to King Charles the First of glorious memory, and the true state of affairs as they now stand in the reign of our royal soveraign King Charles the Second / by a true lover and asserter of his countries honour.

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Soon after, viz, in March 1623, they proceeded to Acts [that is the Amboyna conspiracy trial] of a more higher nature, so great and bloudy, that were it not confirmed by infallible Testimonies, Posterity might seem to doubt that any People professing Christianity, should upon such slight furnished accounts, commit the same …

Citation: The English and Dutch affairs displayed to the life both in matters of warr, state, and merchandize (1664)